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IRELAND OF THE ANCIENTS (From "The history of the Irish Race")

Stuff you should know because you own it.


This map was first produced in Pacata Hibernia (London, 1633) but is thought to date from circa 1600. Pacata Hibernia deals with the Elizabethan wars in Ireland

Scotia (a name transferred to Alba about ten centuries after Christ) was one of the earliest names of Ireland — so named, it  was said, from Scota, the daughter of Pharaoh, one of the ancient female ancestors of the Milesians — and the people were com-
monly called Scotti or Scots — both terms being frequently used  by early Latin historians and poets.

Ireland was often referred to — by various names — by ancient writers both Latin and Greek. Plutarch testifies to the nation's antiquity by calling it Ogygia, meaning the most ancient.

One of its ancient titles was Hibernia (used by Caesar) — which some trace from Ivernia, the name, it is said, of a people located in the south of the Island; but most trace it from Eber or Heber, the first Milesian king of the southern half; just as the much later
name, Ireland, is by some traced from Ir, whose family were in the northeastern corner of the Island.

Though it seems much more likely that this latter name was derived from the most common title given to the Island by its own inhabitants, Eire — hence Eire-land,
Ireland, It was first the Northmen and then the Saxons, who, in the ninth and tenth century began calling it Ir-land or Ir-landa …Ireland

In the oldest-known foreign reference to Ireland, it was called lerna. This was the title used by the poet Orpheus in the time of Cyrus of Persia, in the sixth century before Christ. Aristotle, in his Book of the World, also called it lerna. In the first half of
the first century Pomponius Mela refers to it as luvernia.

It was usually called either Hibernia or Scotia by the Latin writers. Tacitus, Caesar, and Pliny call it Hibernia. Egesippus calls it Scotia — and several later Latin writers did likewise. MacNeill thinks the term Scot (and then Scotia) was derived from an old Irish word which signified a raider. He thinks they earned the title from their frequent raiding in Alba and in Britain in pre-Christian times.

A Roman, Rufus Festus Avienus, who wrote about the beginning of the fourth century of this era called it "Insula Sacra" — which leads  us to suppose that in the very early ages, it was, considered by the pagans an esteemed a holy isle.

The Latin writer, Pomponius Mela (above who was a Spaniard and flourished near the
middle of the first century of the Christian Era), says in his cosmography books: "Beyond Britain lies luvernia, an island of nearly equal size, but oblong, and a coast on each side of equal extent, having a climate unfavourable for ripening grain, but so
luxuriant in grasses, not merely palatable but even sweet, that the cattle in very short time take sufficient food for the whole day —and if fed too long, would burst. Its inhabitants are wanting in every virtue, totally destitute of piety."

The latter sentence is quite characteristic of the Latin writers of that day, to whom the world was always divided into two parts, the Roman Empire with which exactly coincided Civilization and the realm of all the Virtues, and the outer world which lay under the black cloud of barbarism.

But Strabo, who wrote in the first century of this era, does even better than Pomponius Mela. Quoting Poseidonios (who flourished still two centuries earlier), he informs us that the inhabitants of lerne were wild cannibals who considered it honourable to eat
the bodies of their dead parents

 An English clergyman with the Cromwells troops in Ireland vouched for the fact that every man in a garrison which they captured was found to have a tail six inches long.

Solinus (about 200 A. D.), wrote that the inhabitants of Juvcrna (as he names the Island) "inhuman beings who drink the blood of their enemies, and besmear their
faces with it. At its birth the male child's foot is placed upon its father's sword, and from the point of the sword it receives its first nourishment

 St. Jerome accused the Irish of cannibalism. And a reason suggested for his making tiie wild accusation was because he smarted under the scathing criticism of the Irish Celcstius

The careful Ptolemy, in the second century, gives a map of Ireland which (from a foreigner in that age of the world) is remarkable for the general correctness of the outline, and more note-worthy features. He names sixteen "peoples" (tribes) inhabiting
it (the names of half of them being now recognised), and he mentions several "cities" — probably royal residences.

With the exception of Ptolemy who, in all likelihood, derived his knowledge from the trading Phoenicians, the early Greek and Latin writers only knew of Ireland that it was an island sitting in the Western ocean, and remarkable for its verdure. Yet the Phoe-
nicians were probably well acquainted with its ports. Tacitus says, "The Irish ports in the first century were well known to commerce and merchants."

John F. Kennedy 1917-November 22, 1963

 Pointing at a nearby fertilizer plant he told them that had his great grandfather not left Wexford, I myself could be working at the plant today. He then turned to his aide Dave Powers and whispered  “Shoveling shit” 

“We will do no such thing. If its brass and copper he wants, let him stay on Wall Street” The Mayor of Dunganstown, New Ross, Co. Wexford after he was directed by the national government to remove piles of manure from the nearby road side. When Kennedy was told what the Mayor said, he threw back his head and laughed. “God damn right” he said. 
The supreme reality of our time is our indivisibility as children of God and the common vulnerability of this planet. Speech to a joint session of the Dail and the Seanad, Dublin, Ireland June 28, 1963

 Little Boy: Mr. President, how did you become a war hero?
President Kennedy: It was absolutely involuntary. They sank my boat.

“I leaned across the asparagus and asked her for a date. “ On meeting Jackie

“I have just received the following wire from my generous Daddy. It says, Dear Jack: Don't buy a single vote more than is necessary. I'll be damned if I am going to pay for a landslide.”

The White House was designed by Hoban, a noted Irish-American architect, and I have no doubt that he believed by incorporating several features of the Dublin style he would make it more homelike for any President of Irish descent. It was a long wait, but I appreciate his efforts. JFK

I do not think it altogether inappropriate to introduce myself to this audience. I am the man who accompanied Jacqueline Kennedy to Paris, and I have enjoyed it.  

I think this is the most extraordinary collection of talent, of human knowledge, that has ever been gathered together at the White House, with the possible exception of when Thomas Jefferson dined alone. Address at a White House dinner honoring Nobel Prize winners April 29, 1962 

I never know when I press these whether I am going to blow up Massachusetts or start a work project. (On the many buttons on his telephone)

Now I understand why Henry VIII started his own church.  Comment after the Vatican scolded him for supporting separation between church and state during his campaign

Let the word go forth from this time and place, to friend and foe alike, that the torch has been passed to a new generation of Americans - born in this century, tempered by war, disciplined by a hard and bitter peace, proud of our ancient heritage - and unwilling to witness or permit the slow undoing of those human rights to which this nation has always been committed, and to which we are committed today at home and around the world.
Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe to assure the survival and the success of liberty.
All this will not be finished in the first 100 days. Nor will it be finished in the first 1,000 days, nor in the life of this administration, nor even perhaps in our lifetime on this planet. But let us begin.
Now the trumpet summons us again - not as a call to bear arms, though arms we need - not as a call to battle, though embattled we are - but a call to bear the burden of a long twilight struggle, year in and year out, rejoicing in hope, patient in tribulation- a struggle against the common enemies of man: tyranny, poverty, disease and war itself. And so, my fellow Americans, ask not what your country can do for you - ask what you can do for your country . My fellow citizens of the world: ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man.

You never know what's hit you.  A gunshot is the perfect way to go out. John F. Kennedy, on assassination 
“...there is always inequity in life. Some men are killed in a war and some men are wounded, and some men never leave the country, and some men are stationed in the Antarctic and some are stationed in San Francisco. It's very hard in the military or personal life to assure complete equality. Life is unfair.” John F. Kennedy

GOP Responds to Point Beach Democrats Outrage Over Flyer

Several Point Pleasant Beach Council candidates have accused Republicans of distributing a "blatantly false flyer" about the Democrats, but a local Republican has responded that the flyer simply asked a question that needed to be aseked.

"Until now it's been a fairly quiet and civil campaign," the Democrats wrote in the Facebook post. "We would have liked to respond, but we can't guarantee that we could get something mailed that fast so we will put the word out everywhere we can."

The Facebook post noted that Republicans Tom Vogel and Tom Toohey were "called out on it" at candidates night held on Wednesday.

Maverick Players open season with show by familiar playwright

Rosemary Frisino Toohey likes her relatives well enough. She really does. But somewhere along the way, the Baltimore playwright was inspired to put pen to paper and ink a comedy detailing the jaw-dropping, teeth-clenching and gut-wrenching moments that can accompany a Thanksgiving family get-together when she wrote “Gravy Anxiety.”

“Thanksgiving is a great holiday,” Toohey said. “Most of it is good, but a lot of times you don’t get to choose who you have Thanksgiving with. We all have relatives that we really like and some that we’d rather avoid. This play is hopefully a comedy about the goofy stuff that can go wrong at Thanksgiving.”

Midland’s Maverick Players will be the first to perform Toohey’s original work through Nov. 17 at the VFW Hall, 409 Veterans Airpark Lane. Thursday and Sunday show tickets are $10, while Friday and Saturday tickets are $15. Tickets will be sold at the door, but they may also be purchased by calling 522-5225.

This isn’t the first Toohey play the Maverick Players have put on. This odd connection between a Baltimore playwright and a West Texas performing group began when Toohey entered “Gladys in Wonderland” in the McLaren Memorial Comedy Playwriting Competition held by the Midland Community Theater.

The play didn’t win the competition, but it caught the eye of Mary Lou Cassidy, the eventual founder of the Maverick Players.

“At the time, the Maverick Players didn’t exist, but Mary Lou Cassidy said if she could put a group together, she’d like to put it on,” Toohey said. “Then, when the Maverick Players came into existence, they did it.”

The Maverick Players have performed “Gladys and Wonderland” twice now, as well as some of Toohey’s other works including “The Ice Cream King” and “Woman on the Edge.”

The highly unlikely duo, a Baltimore playwright and a Permian Basin acting group, hope to collaborate to bring plenty of plays to life for Midlanders for years to come. And “Gravy Anxiety,” the most recent product of this collaboration, is easy for nearly anyone to relate to — especially if your family holiday experiences aren’t picture perfect.

“I cook the annual meal for my family,” Toohey said, “and I like all of them. But some of them have their moments, and by the end of the night I’m ready to see them walk out the door while I clean up the turkey. At least the turkey won’t talk back.”

After Toohey's Tongue comes the Mouth, set to delight and disgust

That squirmy feeling you had the first time you saw the now-infamous tongue from that Tooheys ad? It's back. Sort of. This time, it's the whole mouth. And it's still disembodied.
In the olden times - well, 2004 - the Tooheys 'Tongue' divided family, friends and the community. There were those that declared it the most riveting piece of art since the Renaissance masters, sort of, and then there were those which saw it more as visual bile.
So, yeah, it was talked about.

Lion is looking to tap into that with the next evolution of 'Tongue', this time bringing the whole mouth along to the party. Which also disentangles itself from its host to take on a life of its own. Ewww... or bonzer!

The concept? That your mouth is subjected to all kinds of abuse – toe sucking, inside lip tattoos and all manner of unsavoury activities. So the reward should be the taste of Tooheys Extra Dry. Wait, isn't the tongue the only part of the mouth that can actually taste anything? Never mind.

“The new ad is sure to grab attention and drive talkability. It's provocative, but that is what's great about Tooheys Extra Dry as a brand – we can be a little more adventurous with our creative,” said Lion national marketing director Matt Tapper.

“Tooheys Extra Dry has always had a reputation for being left of centre, and we feel that 'Repay Your Mouth' once again pushes boundaries and builds on the fun and eccentric personality that Tooheys Extra Dry is loved for and appreciated by our drinkers.”
The ad will debut on Sunday night during The Mentalist on Nine but a sneak peek will feature on the Tooheys Extra Dry Facebook page today. It will also run across out-of-home and digital platforms.
The campaign was created by BMF, the genuises (or deviants) behind the original 'Tongue' ad.

BMF creative director Justin Ruben said: “We wanted to stay true to Tooheys Extra Dry's long history of off-beat and surreal advertising. We also wanted to put 'The Clean Crisp Taste of Tooheys Extra Dry' at the heart of the idea, just like the highly successful 'Tongue' commercial Tooheys did all those years ago.”

THE TRIBE (in ancient Ireland)

Edited from “The History of the Irish race.”

THE TRIBE (in ancient Ireland)

The Tuohy tribe (The Hy Many, pronounced High Main) is seen in the blue section, at the bottom. 

(1) There were nearly two hundred tuaths or territories, in Ireland, each occupied by a tribe, under its chief who was oftentimes designated king of a tuath.

(2) The subdivisions of a tuath were ballybetaighs of which there were usually thirty to each tuath. The ballybetaigh was again subdivided into twelve seasreachs, each of one ploughland or about one hundred and twenty acres. The ballybetaigh was supposed
to be of extent to supply grazing for four herds of seventy-five cows each, "without one cow touching another."

In general, the whole of the lands of the territory belonged to all the tribe. But there was a limited circle, including the king, the nobles, and a few of the leading professional men, each of whom had private rights in a certain portion of the land — the right to use those lands for the benefit of himself and family, but not to transfer them to any person outside the tribe. The foregoing refers only to special portions of the tribal land. The greater part of the tribal land was free for the use of all the people of the tribe.

(3) These privileged ones who had exclusive rights to the use of certain lands, usually rented large portion in parcels to the ceiles (tenants) — who formed the feine, or general body of the people.

The privileged person usually also rented to the ceile cattle for stocking the land. The ceile who owned his own stock, or who had to borrow but little, was of much higher standing than the ceile who had to borrow or rent all his stock. The former wasy
called a free ceile, and the latter an unfree because he was bound to those above him by so many obligations.

The stock borrowed from a noble (or from a certain class between the noble and the ceile called bo-aire, who had stock to rent) was returned, it or its equivalent, at the end of seven years.

(4) Below the ceilesthe feine, or general body of the people of the tribe — were two classes usually rated as non-free. One of them was the bothach and sencleithe, who were labourers, horseboys, herdsmen, and hangers-on, supported by particular families to which they were attached, and who were considered members of the tribe, but had neither property rights nor any voice in the tribal council.

(5) The other, the fu'idir, were strangers, fugitives, war captives, condemned criminals or people who had to give up their freedom in order to work out a debt or fine that they could not pay.

These latter, were not of the tribe, only belonged to it, and were serfs, pure and simple. Only, they had the right of renting a little land and gradually acquiring property — till, in the course of a certain number of years, having accumulated some substance, and having proved to the tribe that they were people of character, they could, by the general voice of the tribe, be received into the fold, and become of the feine.

Of course the bothach and sencleithe were privileged to raise themselves even
more easily than the fiiidir. The very humblest might, by inherent worth, work his way up to be eventually among the noblest. So, the class system in Ireland was not a caste system. It was only the fuidir, the mere flotsam and jetsam of the nation, who were in the state of semi-servitude.

 The feudal system, the system of the lord and the serf, which was the rule through-
out almost all the countries of Europe then, wzs never known in Ireland — at least not until the English, after they had established footing there, endeavoured to introduce from their own country a form of it.

(6)  The system in Ireland was something more like the patriarchal system of the east. The tribe resolved itself into family groups called derb-fine centring around one leading family from whom the chief was always chosen.

The law of inheritance in ancient Ireland was not that of primogeniture, but of gavel-kind — that is, instead of the eldest son inheriting all the father's property, it was divided, cattle and land, among all the sons. But the eldest son got, with his share, the
house and offices and household effects. Special responsibilities fell to him as guardian of his sisters, and of his brothers under age, and as the representative of the family in all cases of stress  or need.

The laws protected every one, including the base fuidir. They were especially framed to protect the weak against the strong. "No person," says the law, "shall be oppressed in his difficulty." And the law forbade the rent-payer to give service or rent to one

Four generations sprung from one man usually went to each derb-fine — so that in each succeeding generation the groups had to be re-arranged. who would exact unjustly. The greedy oppressor had to repent and pay a fine before his ceile should resume giving him either rent or service.

The ceile contributed to the head of the tribe a certain amount of labour, a portion of the household needs, and a certain number of days military service, which was demanded when the need arose.

But the chief, or king of the territory — as well as the provincial king and the Ard-Righ — kept about him a number of paid permanent troops — his household troops composed of his own people, and a small standing army usually composed of mercenaries. And the strongest, most powerful man was chosen as the king's airechta, champion or avenger.

The king of the tuath paid tribute to the provincial king, who in turn paid tribute to the Ard-Righ. And on the other hand, each of the higher kings paid back to his tributary a small courtesy tribute called tuarastal.

The Book of Rights specifies in full, and curious detail, the cis, or amounts of the tribute in cattle, in cloaks, in swords, etc., due from each inferior king to his superior — and
likewise the tuarastal from the superior to his inferior.

The headship (v/hether chief or king) was hereditary only to the extent that the ruler was always chosen by the people, from within one family.

 From the r'lgh-davuia (king material) that is, the royal uncles, brothers, sons, nephews, grand-sons and grandnephews, the people chose whatever male member of the fam-
ily would make the wisest, bravest, and best ruler.

 In later centuries, in order to avoid the evils of disputed succession, the king's
successor was always chosen during the king's lifetime — and this king-elect was called tanaiste. He had to be without physical blemish or deformity. When elected he had to swear to observe the law, and to govern In accordance with the law and the ancient

customs. At the inauguration the ollam, In presence of the people, read to him the laws that he must swear to observe, and the ancient customs that he must swear to maintain. And for non-observance of these, he was liable to be, at any time, deposed. 

Here's a nice Tuohy story

What a difference five minutes can make.

Just before the curtain fell on Cincinnati Ballet’s production of “Swan Lake” at the Aronoff Center Sunday afternoon, principal dancer Sarah Hairston’s leading character leapt to her death to escape an evil sorcerer. Moments later, during curtain calls, Hairston was taken aback when Brendan Tuohy, her boyfriend of six years, stepped onto the stage to present her with a dozen red roses.
Surprise turned to shock when Tuohy dropped to one knee and – you guessed it – proposed.
Hairston wasn’t the only one surprised. The shock was obvious in the reactions of all of the other dancers, including those from BalletMet Columbus, which collaborated on the production.
The capacity audience, already on its feet after the show, began screaming its approval. Hairston lowered her face into her hands for a few moments, then began jumping in place and shouting “yes, yes, yes.”
Earlier today, Hairston had confided to friends that, after experiencing enormous success in the dual role of Odette/Odile, she was worried about the emotional letdown when the company returned to rehearsal Monday. today. (She’s dancing in “The Nutcracker” in December.) Presumably, that is no longer a concern.
Tuohy, an operatic tenor, won’t have much time to revel in his new life as a betrothed man. Before year’s end, he has engagements in Versailles, Montpelier and Aix-en-Provence, France, as well as with the Seattle Symphony Orchestra.


Tuohy's in the news this week

BLUEFIELD, Va. — This was one albatross that Zach Toohey didn’t mind. Neither would anyone else on a golf course.

Lost in the excitement of Graham’s Group 2A state golf championship won last week was Toohey holing out the rarest of all golf shots.

It was the middle of the second round and Toohey was on the fairway at Shenandoah Valley Golf Club in Front Royal, Va., contemplating his second shot on the par five ninth hole.

Of course, Toohey wanted to make the shot, but who ever does that? A double eagle is so rare that it has happened exactly 18 times in the four major championships dating as far back at 1870.

This, of course, was the high school version of a major championship.

Pressure anyone? Not for Toohey, who recorded what is called an albatross in golf, recording a three-under par score on the hole, which in this case was a double eagle.

“He can handle the pressure, when the pressure gets high and the stakes get higher he plays better,” Graham golf coach Matt Dixon said. “He will tell you he didn’t have a great regular season by any means, but when it comes down to it and the pressure is on, he definitely steps up his game to a different level.”

He certainly did on this shot.

“I had a blind shot into the green, I was like ‘You know what, this is the state championship, I have got to do it, I have to go for it,’” Toohey said.

Would you believe the ball went in the hole? Toohey did.

“I hit it and I knew I hit it perfect, right over the left side of the tree and I saw it hit right below the green and I looked over and I didn’t see it,” Toohey said. “I said ‘Where did it go, where did it go,’

“The Marion coach knew it went in, he didn’t tell me, he said, ‘I don’t know’. “I told my coach, ‘Did you see that go in’ and he was like ‘No’.”

Yet, somehow, Toohey knew.

“I said, ‘I am pretty sure it went in’,” he said. “I walked down there and I picked it up out of the hole and I was like ‘See.’”

That gave Toohey the individual lead at that point over Amanda Hollandsworth of Floyd County, but he struggled down the stretch, getting a disputed two-stroke penalty for throwing a club on 13.

“One of the guys that I was with, he said I threw my club at my bag,” Toohey said. “My principal and my coach and my grandmother and her friend were there, and we are going to appeal it to the VHSL that I did nothing out of anger.

“None of that was out of anger, and I swear to that.”

Toohey said he did what many golfers do, simply toss a club ahead with no ill intent in mind. The officials didn’t see it that way.

“(The bag) was at least six or seven feet away from me and I tossed my club and my headcover and I made my par putt, it was like a 15-foot par putt,” Toohey said. “I don’t understand why it was called, but we still won.

“It didn’t take away from our team at all and I am just happy for that.”

While Toohey had to settle for second place and a second all-state honors in three years of state golf competition, he won where it counted most.

“Just to know to that I finally accomplished and we all accomplished what all we have set out for,” Toohey said. “Just to know that we got it and we finally are the first team ever for Graham High School to win a golf state championship.”

Fellow senior Ben Ramsey, who had been Graham’s most consistent player throughout the season, wasn’t surprised to see Toohey step it up big again when it counted most.

“Zach just plays his game, he has got a lot of swagger about his game and he is really confident and when he gets in a situation like the state tournament, he focuses so much,” Ramsey said. “I don’t know if I have ever seen anything as focused as much as he does. He is a great player when he focuses, we just wish he could focus all year long.”

While Toohey was focused on the team title, he still had hopes entering the second round of winning individual medalist honors, trailing Floyd County product Amanda Hollandsworth by two strokes.

“After the first day I knew she was a very good player and she wasn’t going to mess up, I would have to play my best game,” said Toohey, who took a lead on Hollandsworth after his double eagle on 9.

That lead disappeared, and Toohey didn’t use the excuse that Hollandsworth may have had an advantage playing from the women’s tees.

“The only thing I really want to say about that is Amanda Hollandsworth is a great golfer,” Toohey said. “She did what she needed to do to win that, some golf course women’s tees aren’t really that much different.

“In my opinion on that golf course it didn’t play that much of a difference, but the golf course was still hard no matter what. Sometimes women don’t hit it as far as guys, but in her case she hits it as far as I do and she is a good golfer and I hope the best for her, I really do.”

Hollandsworth is bound next for Virginia Tech. Toohey also hopes to get his chance to play at the college level.

“I would love to play college golf, I really haven’t decided where I want to go to school yet,” Toohey said.

“I want to exceed at the college level and play golf there, that would be a dream, that is always what I have wanted to do...

“I am going to try to get stronger, get mentally stronger and be able to hit the ball a little bit farther and get my endurance up.”

 Toohey, Ramsey, William McGuire and Jacob Britton have played together for years, working to reach the goal that has now be accomplished.

No wonder Toohey hasn’t stopped smiling since Graham secured that state title.

“We have just been playing together since we were little and to see us finally get that state ring, get that state championship, there is nothing better,” Toohey said. “There really isn’t.”  

Moorabool mayor Pat Toohey to hand over the reins
Moorabool will soon have a new mayor, with Cr Pat Toohey confirming he will not put his hand up for the top job this year. Councillors will vote for a new leader at the Ballan chambers tomorrow evening, with Paul Tatchell and Tom Sullivan expected to stand.“We’ve got some really experienced councillors and it’s a tough question over who could win, but I’ll be standing,” Cr Tatchell said.Cr Sullivan said he was standing because he believed he had much to offer. “It’s a healthy part of democracy, the more people that are involved,” he said.Cr Toohey said it had been a privilege to work for the people of Moorabool.“Between family and business commitments, I’ve determined I’ll be stepping aside and opening the position up for another councillor,” he said.This was Cr Toohey’s third stint as mayor, following terms in 2009 and 2010.

EVANSTON, Ill. -- The No. 10-ranked University of Michigan women's soccer team tied a program record for longest winning streak (seven), downing Northwestern, 3-0, on Sunday afternoon (Oct. 27) at Lakeside Field. senior Meghan Toohey (Philadelphia, Pa./Phil-Mont Christian) scored a goal each,

The Bluefield Daily Telegraph Thu Oct 24, 2013, 12:11 AM EDT
BLUEFIELD, Va. — Zach Toohey had jokingly made the comment during a pre-state tournament interview that if the Graham G-Men didn’t win the Group 2A golf championship, he would never pick up another club.

Play on Zach, play on G-Men.

“I can’t even fathom the excitement in me,” Toohey said. “The fact of it all is we did it. We finally accomplished it. Just like I told you after regions, we are going to go up there and we are going to win. That is all I could say to you and we did it.”

Definitely. The G-Men outlasted Stonewall Jackson by seven strokes to capture the 2A state championship on Oct. 14-15 at Shenandoah Valley Golf Club in Front Royal, Va.

Toohey led the way, finishing second overall to Amanda Hollandsworth of Floyd County with a two-round total of 149. Graham had finished third — missing out on second in a playoff — in the 2011 state tourney to Galax.

“We always wanted this since our sophomore year really, we had a really  good team, and had a really good chance to do it then,” Toohey said. “This year we just told ourselves at the beginning of the season that we were going to come in, we were going to do it, we were going to win the state championship and that was our goal the whole time.”

Toohey and fellow seniors Ben Ramsey, William McGuire and Jacob Britton, along with Austin Boyce, Travis Simms and Dakota Jones were among the team members who were honored, along with the hard-earned state championship trophy, during a packed assembly at the school auditorium on Wednesday afternoon.

“It is exciting, the school has treated us really well, we have had a good response from the community, the students and staff here at Graham High School,” Graham golf coach Matt Dixon said. “It has been an exciting time for these kids.

“They have been holding their heads high in the hallways for sure and everybody still has a glow on their face. It is just a big honor to win this for Graham High School and for the community.”

In the revamped VHSL conference system, Graham was one of just four teams to qualify for the 2A state tournament, winning the Conference 39 title, and finishing second to Floyd County in the Region 2A-West event.

Graham was tied with Stonewall Jackson after the opening day, but pulled away in the second round to bring home the championship.

“I just use this as a great example of hard work,” said Ramsey, who joined Toohey as an all-state golfer. “We worked so hard the past four years and it is really rewarding to come out and play good.”

Those four seniors first began the path to a state championship while spending their summers at the now-closed Richwood Golf Club.

“We were about 11 or 12, I am not joking, from 9 o’clock in the morning to 9 o’clock at night,” Toohey said. “Jacob Britton’s mom would pick us up at the church at hole 2 and that was our summer and it paid off for us.”

No wonder the G-Men celebrated with gusto after the goal had been reached.

“When they wrote down that first place on the board, we just went wild, we all went crazy, it was the best feeling ever, you can’t beat it,” Toohey said. “Working so hard ever since Richwood and we have all been together and to see that come up, words just can’t describe it.”

While Toohey earned all-state honors in his second stint at the state level, it was Ramsey who was the most consistent G-Men during most of the season, winning individual titles in both the conference and regional events.

“Ben, he is consistent, he felt a little pressure with the whole team on his back,” Dixon said. “Zach, all he does when he goes to the state tournament is play his best, he will play his best in big situations.”

That duo served as leaders for the G-Men, making sure the team stayed focused on the fact that this was a business trip that really began when the postseason tournaments began.

“We were really focused all month. I told them (that) Saturday we are going to get up there and we will kind of fool around a little bit and enjoy our trip,” Toohey said. “Sunday, we need to focus on our practice round, but as soon as we wake up on Monday, there is no fooling around, no nothing. We have got to get busy, we have got to get a good lead.”

They didn’t, finishing the opening round in a tie with Stonewall Jackson.

“We came to the hotel room after our round and talked about what was wrong with our game that day,” Toohey said. “We helped each other, we looked at holes and what we should do and what we shouldn’t do.”

It was that focus which Graham principal John O’Neal spoke about during the assembly on Wednesday, as the G-Men achieved the first state championship in any sport during his 11 years at the helm of the school.

“It was a great three or four day trip and we had a lot of fun,” Ramsey said. “When it was game time we focused and we got the job done and it is just great to know that we had a lot of fun and we had a good score as well...

“Once we got up there we saw what our competition was, it looked like Stonewall Jackson had a good day and we didn’t have the best day the first day, but we were still in the competition.

“We knew coming into the second day we just needed to play good.”

 They did. All Toohey did was make a double-eagle and overcome a disputed two-stroke penalty for throwing a club, while Ramsey finished with a 78 and Britton and Boyce contributed to a four-person score that led the G-Men to victory. Britton scored well both days, Simms had provided a solid fourth score on Monday, while McGuire struggled, but was the steady influence throughout the season. Jones served as an alternate for Graham.

“Jacob had a couple of good weeks actually and he stepped up, the 85 on Tuesday was huge and then we had guys like Travis and Austin who stepped up,” Dixon said. “William didn’t have a great tournament either, but he really helped us throughout the season.”

The next question facing Dixon is what happens next. Four key seniors will depart — with Toohey and Ramsey hoping to play at the next level — but the G-Men lost seniors two years ago, and came back as strong as ever.

That is the plan for 2014.

“We are losing definitely four great players off the team, four good leaders, four kids that have been in the program since they have been eighth graders, four kids that grew up together...,” Dixon said. “We are going to have to find some kids. Richwood closing several years ago is going to hurt because there is not a whole lot of people that can go up to Fincastle and afford to play....

“We are looking for some kids and obviously after you win a state championship, there will be some interest from some kids that may not otherwise be interested in playing. We will find some people as all teams do.

“Like two years ago we had to replace those guys and we did. Hopefully we can do the same.”

How electronic espionage was exposed four decades ago

Thirty-seven years before Edward Snowden's disclosures, Brian Toohey reported in the Australian Financial Review that Australia's electronic spying agency, the Defence Signals Directorate, was secretly reading all communications between Tokyo and the Japanese embassy in Canberra.
Toohey's front page article reported in July 1976 that intercepting Japan's diplomatic cables had given "the Australian side the inside running on Japanese attitudes ranging from key trade issues to general foreign policy briefs".
According to Toohey, the Defence Signals Directorate had been of "great assistance" to the Australian government, but the Japanese had "not been entirely the losers out of their lax approach to the security of the communications".
"For example, intercepted material showed that there was a very genuine concern on the part of the Japanese about the attitude of the former [Labor] Minister for Minerals and Energy, Mr [R.F.X.] Connor – in fact, this helped convince the former Prime Minister [Gough] Whitlam, of the need for changes in the area."
Toohey further reported that the Australian Secret Intelligence Service had also been successful in Japan, including on one occasion being able to "give Mr Whitlam a demonstration of its value by producing copies of the Japanese ministerial briefing papers for [the prime minister's] visit to Tokyo."
Although Toohey's article attracted much interest in July 1976, prime minister Malcolm Fraser's government refused to comment and it has remained unconfirmed ever since.

Towey Clan Blog spot (This group is not related to Tuohy's of the world)

Towey Clan
Clann Tuathaigh

Descendents of our Towey Ancestors and Variations Including Tuohy, Touey, Touy, Towy, Toey, Tooey, Toohey, Touhey, Towhey, Toowey, Twohy, Twohey, Tuffy and Tully

Here is the link to the page

Fáilte go dtí an suíomh Clann Tuathaigh
Welcome to the Towey Clan Website
2012 Towey Gathering at Rochester, MN
2014 Get-Together in Ballaghaderreen

The Towey Gathering was held in Rochester, MN over the weekend of 10, 11, 12 August of 2012.
-- The Minnesota Towey's were proud to host the 2012 Towey         Gathering, the first Clan gathering held outside of Ireland.
-- We welcomed Towey's from all over the United States, Ireland,         United Kingdom, Canada and around the world.
--  Click 2012 Rochester Report Out for the festivities that we held.

The next Towey get-together is targeted for 22, 23, 24 August 2014 in our ancestors homeland at Ballaghaderreen, Co. Roscommon, Ireland.

Clan Objective
Celtic Design The Clan's objective is to preserve and expand knowledge about the heritage of our Irish ancestors with the Towey surname and its Irish variations. Through research and education, we seek to compile a central archive of relevant genealogical and historical information of our heritage and to make it freely available to all enquirers. We also try to provide historical information about Ireland and the events that affected our Irish ancestors.

Where is the “Home Area” of the Toweys?
People bearing the Irish surname of Towey trace their ancestry primarily to four parishes - Kilcolman, Castlemore, Kilbeagh and Kilmovee - in the vicinity of the town of Ballaghaderreen, Co. Roscommon. These parishes were part of the pre-Norman territory known as Sliabh Lugha ruled by the O'Gadhra Dynasty in the 12th and 13th centuries. After the Norman invasion in 1170, these parishes became part of the Barony of Costello in the 13th century.
Click 1901 Towey Census Map for townlands where over 70% of Toweys lived at that time.
Also check 1901 Ireland Population which lists the Irish census by County to include where Toweys and name variations lived at that time.

What is the Origin of the Towey Surname?
Irish Times reports that the first Irish surnames began about 916 AD. By the 1200s many families had acquired true surnames as we would know them today. But when did the "Towey" surname originate and how?
At present, any one answer to this question is controversial, so we have learned to live tentatively with three explanations:
(1) Some of us uphold the tradition that we were originally members of an O'Neill sept which was transplanted from Co. Tyrone by Oliver Cromwell in the mid-17th century.
(2) Other Toweys have been told by our elders that we are descendants of members of the Touhy family from Co. Cork who fled the warfare in that area during the late 16th and early 17th centuries.
(3) We also debate whether it is legitimate to consider ourselves part of Ireland's Chlann Tuathaigh.
Other origins have been claimed for (but not “by”) us too, and these are discussed further in the About Us web page.

Do the Towey's Have a Clan Constitution?
The Towey Clan Constitution was developed and approved at the Towey Clan General Meeting held at The Foxhunter, Lucan,  Co. Dublin, Ireland on 14 April 2001. Click here for reading a copy of the Towey Clan Constitution. Our Constitution is scheduled for revision. Any suggestions may be emailed to our Clan Chieftain at,

What are the Clan's Activities?
Periodic Clan gatherings are held at Ballaghaderreen, Ireland as listed in the left navigation menu. Besides discussing family history, we also advise our members who are actively engaged in their own genealogical research. We've also initiated a male yDNA project to help male members confirm their Towey heritage when conventional records do not exist.  We also invite our female members to participate in mtDNA testing to verify where we share a Maternal ancestry line. Checkout our DNA web page for yDNA and mtDNA test information.

Clan Communication Media Our Clan website plus email messages are the primary means for communicating Clan activities to Towey family members around the globe. If further information is desired, send an email to one or more Clan Executive Committee members who are listed at the bottom of every web page.

Next Gathering
We have high hopes that hundreds of the Towey worldwide family and friends will attend the 2014 Towey Gathering during 22, 23, 23 August, 2014 in Ballaghaderreen, Co Roscommon, Ireland. Click here (to be constructed) for more information.

Inquiries may be emailed to one or more of these contact points:
Mike Towey, Chieftain (Taoiseach),, Dublin, Ireland
Caroline Hassett Power, Secretary,, Quin, Co. Clare, Ireland
Dick Towey, Assistant Genealogist,, Corvallis, Oregon
Bill Towey, Webmaster, , Stockton, California

DISCLAIMER: Towey Clan believes the information and references herein are
accurate, but users should check with genealogical sources for accuracy.

Toweys often contribute to the betterment of peoples in their locale or, more significantly, to his/her respective country. We earnestly hope to identify their contribution to society.

Contributions are sought for addition herein. Please submit recommendations and legends to the web person listed at bottom of page.

Thomas Towey, Irish Hero of the "Towey Ballad"
Thomas Towey was a tenant farmer in Barnaboy (in Co Mayo at that time), who  used the Irish Plan_of_Campaign against the Dillons in early 1880s for which he was arrested and imprisoned. Click Towey Ballad to download the ballad written about this historical incident.
As well, Anne Deane wrote about Thomas Towey during a period known as the "Land War"and in her book wrote:
"Tom Towey unfurled the Plan of Campaign on the Dillon estate and brought the noble rack-renter to his knees. Now Tom has been thrown on the roadside to perish. Nevertheless he continues his agitation and the arrest of the brave gallant Towey was recorded in a ballad which describes how crowds followed police to their station from where he was escorted to Galway jail."
 A bit of history: Land and property was forcibly taken from Irish Catholic landowners from about 1690s to 1900s and given to absentee English and Scottish Protestant landlords. These landlords generally lived outside Ireland and enjoyed high life in Britain.
These rack-renter landlords charged excessive and unjust rents. Irish crop failure, famine, bankrupsy and mass evictions occurred. 1879 to 1903 was known as the Land Law Period, a time of great agitation, intimidation and refusal to pay exorbitant rents.
 The Dillon family were absentee landlords and rack-renters in Ballaghaderreen area from about 1700 to 1900. They drained the Irish local wealth in rent from Catholic tenants and spent it in their home country.
 The Towey Ballad was written around 1886 about three Land War heroes from Ballaghaderreen, Thomas Towey, Michael Morris Roe and Michael Rogers.
 Rev. James P. Towey, C.S.P.
Father Towey resided at St. Lawrence Parish, Minneapolis, in 1920 and 1921 while with Newman Apostolate, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.  He was later pastor of St. Lawrence Parish, Minneapolis from 1944 to 1947.  Father Towey was born in 1882 in Santa Rosa, CA and was a Paulist priest for 46 years from ordination on 25 May 1907 to death 1 February 1953.  He frequentlyvisited his relatives in Rochester, MN.
Rev. Towey is the son of Peter Towey who were born in Bockagh, Ballaghaderreen in 1837 and Mary Keegan Towey born about 1855 in Milford, MA. Peter Towey and Mary Keegan were married in Sleepy Eye, Brown County, Minnesota on 13 June 1881 and lived in Pleasant Grove, MN for many years before moving to California.

The Rev. James Towey was an associate priest in Washington, D.C., San Francisco and New York City before performing as Chaplain in World War I at St. Nazian, France. Upon separation, he resided at St. Lawrence Parish, Minneapolis before assignments in Berkeley, CA, Los Angeles, again in San Francisco, then Minneapolis, and Los Angeles where he passed away 1 February 1953. His body laid in state at Old St Mary's Catholic Church, San Francisco (where he was pastor 1928 to 1940) and is buried at Holy Cross Mausoleum, south of San Francisco.

 Dr John W. Towey, Powers, Michigan
During the summer of 1931 ten employees of a railroad tie sawmill complained of severe  asthmatic-like symptoms. Almost concurrently thirty-six employees of another sawmill had similar symptoms. John W. Towey, M.D., Director of Pine Crest Sanitorium in Powers, Michigan, discovered the causes and solutions for this new disease, identified as "Towey's Disease."
John Towey, Actor
 John Towey, Rochester, Minnesota, Actor
John Towey is an actor, and now actor and classical pianist, who played in Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, ER and several other TV shows. Rochester Magazine, in April 2010, interviewed John Towey which may be read by clicking Rochester Magazine.
 Jim Towey, Former Presidantial Aide
James Towey, Former Presidential Aide
Jim Towey grew up in Jacksonville, Florida. He graduated from Florida State University in 1978 with a Bachelor of Science Degree and earned a Juris Doctor degree in 1981 from the Florida State University College of Law. Towey represented the late Mother Teresa on legal matters in the United States and Canada from 1985 until her death and often traveled with her. Starting in 1991 he served as Florida's District Director of the Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services. In 1996 he founded Aging with Dignity, a national non-profit organization to help families plan for and care during times of serious illness. From 2002 to May 2006 Jim Towey was appointed by U.S. President George W. Bush as Director of the White House Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives. He has served as President of Saint Vincent College, Latrobe, Pennsylvania, since July 1, 2006 and resigned at end of 2009 - 2010 academic year. Jim Towey's accomplishments may be read at
 James F. Towey, Chairman, Olin Corporation
James F Towey, former CEO Olin Corporation
James F. Towey, a native of Wood River, IL, was Chairman of Olin Corporation, Stamford, Connecticut (a Fortune 500 company) from 1972 to 1980. Under his direction, Olin owned over 60 manufacturing plants in 25 states and 11 foreign countries.
James was born on March 1, 1916 to parents James K. Towey and Anna O. Towey. He attended school in Wood River, IL, playing football and basketball. He graduated in 1934 as high school valedictorian, then graduated with honors in 1939 from the University of Illinois, Champaign, having earned business degrees in economics and accounting.

Upon Army discharge in 1946, he was employed by Olin Industries in East Alton, IL as Assistant Controller. From there he rose to corporate positions within Olin Mathieson Chemical Corporation in New York City (1955), general manager of Brass Division, East Alton, IL (1964), Chief Financial Officer at Olin Corporation headquarters in Stamford, CT (1970), elected to Board of Directors (1970) and Chief Executive Officer of Olin Corporation from 1972 to his retirement in 1980. Also see
Upon James’ retirement, Olin Corporation contributed $250,000, to launch the James F. Towey Professorship in Strategic Management at the Business School, University of Illinois. He was also presented with an Honorary Doctorate of Law degree from Morehead State University. After James’ death on March 15, 1999 his family contributed monies to bring the total to $1,250,000 and establish the James F. Towey Chair in Strategic Management at the university.

President Richard M. Nixon appointed James to the United States Assay Commission in 1969.  James was also a board member of Alton Manufacturing Association, Monticello College, and the Illinois State Chamber of Commerce.